What is Acquired Brain Injury
ABI results in physical, cognitive (e.g. memory and concentration), language, speech, emotional and behavioural impairments. Brain injury is a very complex phenomenon where no two people can have the same resulting difficulty. The outcome of a particular brain injury depends on a number of factors including the nature and severity of the injury. However, the rehabilitation process plays a vital role in determining the level of recovery.
The rehabilitation process involves a multidisciplinary team. In a hospital setting it may include specialists in physical medicine and rehabilitation, nursing, respiratory therapy, occupational therapy, physiotherapy, psychiatry, psychology, speech – language pathology, nutrition, social work, and the support of a rehabilitation therapist.
When a person is discharged from the hospital setting, outpatient services need to be put in place. Once again, this will likely involve a team of professionals similar to those found in a hospital setting. Community-based treatment is a very important aspect in the continuum of care. The rehabilitation process should be adapted to each person’s individual needs. Family support and involvement should be a part of any rehabilitation program.
Jeanette Podolsky, S-LP
The Speech Therapy Centres of Canada, Clinical Director
BA (Speech and Hearing Therapy) WITS Reg. CASLPO